Religion and Violence in the World Religions: Sources, History, and the Contemporary world
SCHEDULE OF EVENTS
TUESDAY, APRIL 17TH
Opening Address: 9:45-10:00
Session 1 – 10:00-12:00
Birks Chapel Grad Panel 1: Religious Authorities: Dialogue and Conflict
Birks 111 Grad Panel 2: Religion, Control and The State
Birks 203 Grad Panel 3: Discussing the Myth of Religious Violence
Birks 205 Grad Panel 4: Scripture and Religious Violence
Session 2 – 13:00-15:00
Birks Chapel Grad Panel 5: Religion, Politics & Nationhood
Birks 111 Grad Panel 6: The Problematic Other: Managing Minorities
Birks 203 Grad Panel 7: Reinterpreting Tradition: From Ancient to Modern Narratives
Birks 205 Grad Panel 8: Gendered Violence
Fishbowl and Workshop – 15:30-17:00
Birks 100 Fishbowl Session: Legal Perspectives on Violence and Religion
• Victor Muniz-Fraticelli, Professor, McGill University
• Pierre-Alexandre Cardinal, LL.D. Candidate, Law
• Tanya Monforte, LL.D. Candidate, Law
Birks 111 Workshop: Le rôle des professionnels de la santé dans la prévention de la radicalisation chez les jeunes
• Selim Rashed, Professor, McGill University
• Frédéric DeJean, Professor, UQÀM, Recherche et Action sur les Polarisations Sociales
• Anousheh Machouf, Psychologist, Sherpa-Polarisation CLSC Parc-Extension
Keynote Lecture – 17:30-19:00
Arts Building Does Religion Promote Violence?
William T. Cavanaugh, Professor, DePaul University
SCHEDULE OF EVENTS
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 18TH
Session 1 – 10:00-12:00
MB 9 B Grad Panel 9: Identity-Based Violence: Nationalism and Ethno-Religious Groups
MB 9 EG Grad Panel 10: Questioning Terrorism & Fundamentalism
MB 9 F Grad Panel 11: Mental Health, Trauma & Crime
Session 2 – 13:00-15:00
MB 9 B Grad Panel 12: Religious Laws
MB 9 EG Grad Panel 13: Understanding Extremist Movements
MB 9 F Grad Panel 14: Identifying Solutions
Workshops – 15:15-16:45
MB 9 B « Tu ne tueras point » : couverture médiatique violente d’un plaidoyer cinématographique pour la non violence de la foi
Mihaela-Alexandra Tudor, Lecturer, Université Paul Valéry Montpellier 3
MB 9 F La médiatisation de la violence religieuse : information et obscénité
Stefan Bratosin, Professor, Université Paul Valéry Montpellier 3
Keynote Lecture – 17:30-19:00
H-110 Is Religion the Problem?
Mark Juergensmeyer, Professor, University of California, Santa Barbara
SCHEDULE OF EVENTS
THURSDAY, APRIL 19TH
Keynote Lecture – 9:30-11:00
Day Hall Le jihadisme européen : ses caractéristiques, ses traits distinctifs et ses dimensions anthropologiques
Farhad Khosrokhavar, Professor, École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS)
Sources and History, Part I – 11:15-12:15
Birks Chapel From Herem to Gog and Magog: The Genocidal Ideal in the Hebrew Bible and Early Jewish Texts
Frances Flannery, Professor, James Madison University
Sources and History, Part II – 13:45-14:45
Birks Chapel Resources of Destruction: An Appreciation of Violent Language in early Christianity
Sarah E. Rollens, Visiting Professor, Rhodes College
Sources and History, Part III – 15:00-16:00
Birks Chapel Examining Apocalyptic jihad: the case of Boko Haram
David Cook, Professor, Rice University
Fishbowl Session – 16:15-17:45
Birks 111 Interaction between Religion, Politics and Education
• Derek Bateman, Ph.D. Candidate, English, Concordia University
• Eliza Bateman, LL.D. Candidate, Law, McGill University
• Calogero Miceli, Ph.D. Candidate, Religions and Cultures, Concordia University
• Lauren Steinman, Ph.D. Candidate, Religious Studies, McGill University
Moderator: Marie Lamensch, Project Coordinator, Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies at Concordia University
SCHEDULE OF EVENTS
FRIDAY, APRIL 20TH
Religion and Violence in the Contemporary World, Part I – 9:00-10:00
H-110 Judaism, Right-Wing Religious Zionism and Violence in the Wake of the 1967 War
Daniel Kupfert Heller, Professor, McGill University
Religion and Violence in the Contemporary World, Part II – 10:15-11:15
H-110 The Christian Roots of Far-Right Movements
Christian Picciolini, Life After Hate
Religion and Violence in the Contemporary World, Part III – 11:30-12:30
H-110 Jihadi-Salafism and Violence
Shiraz Maher, Director, International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation and Political Violence (ICSR)
(continued next page)
SCHEDULE OF EVENTS
FRIDAY, APRIL 20TH
Workshops – 14:00-15:30
MB 9 B
Workshop 1: Preventing Radicalization
• Benjamin Ducol, Research Manager, Centre de prévention de la radicalisation menant à la violence
• Martin Geoffroy, Director, Centre d’expertise et de formation sur les intégrismes religieux et la radicalisation
MB 9 F
Workshop 2: Violence Towards Religious Groups
• Christine Jamieson, Professor, Theological Studies, Concordia University, Violence Towards Indigenous Women
• Kyle Matthews, Executive Director, Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies
Panel Discussion – 15:45-16:45
Closing Discussion: Solutions to Religious Violence Today
• André Gagné, Professor, Department of Theological Studies, Concordia University
• Elisa Hategan, Regional Coordinator, Central Canada and the United States for Against Violent Extremism
• Solange Lefebvre, Professor, Université de Montréal
• Vivek Venkatesh, UNESCO co-Chair in Prevention of Radicalisation and Violent Extremism
Moderator: Laura-Julie Perreault, Editiorialist, LaPresse
Closing Address by Co-Chairs: 16:45
Locations at McGill University: Locations at Concordia University:
Birks Building, 3520 University Street John Molson Building (MB), 1450 Guy Street
Moot Court, Chancellor Day Hall, 3644 Peel Street Henry Hall Building (H), 1455 De Maisonneuve W.
Moyse Hall, Arts Building, 853 Sherbrooke Street
WILLIAM T. CAVANAUGH, Professor of Theology at DePaul University
William Cavanaugh’s interests mainly lie with the Church’s encounter with social, political, and economic realities. In his scholarship, he has dealt with themes of the Church’s social and political presence in situations of violence and economic injustice, and is currently working on a book on secularization and idolatry, exploring the ways in which a supposedly disenchanted Western society remains enchanted by nationalism, consumerism, and cults of celebrity. His work on religion and its relationship to violence are of importance for this colloquium.
MARK JUERGENSMEYER, Professor of Global Studies, Sociology and Religious Studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara
Mark Juergensmeyer is a professor of sociology and global studies, affiliate professor of religious studies, and the Kundan Kaur Kapany professor of global and Sikh Studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara. He was the founding director of the Orfalea Center for Global and International Studies, and is a pioneer in the field of global studies, focusing on global religion, religious violence, conflict resolution and South Asian religion and politics. He has published more than three hundred articles and twenty books, including the revised and expanded fourth edition of Terror in the Mind of God. His work on religious violence has made him an authority on the subject.
FARHAD KHOSROKHAVAR, Professor of Sociology at the École des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS)
Farhad Khosrokhavar is professor at École des hautes études en sciences sociales in Paris, France and the director of the Observatoire de la radicalisation at the Maison des Sciences de l’Homme in Paris. His main fields of study are the social movements in Iran, mainly after the Islamic Revolution; Arab societies, in particular radical Islamist movements in them; the Arab revolutions to which he devoted his last book; Jihadism in Europe with a focus on France. We are quite honored that he accepted our invitation; he is one of the world’s leading experts on radicalization. His other research interests are political sociology and sociology of religion.
STEFAN BRATOSIN, Professor, Université Paul Valéry Montpellier 3
Dr. Stefan Bratosin is Full Professor exceptional class in Media and Communication Sciences at Paul Valéry University of Montpellier, France. He is the director of the Institute for Advanced Religious Studies and Internetworking Communication (Iarsic). He is also deputy director of Corhis EA 7400. He has authored books, book chapters, and articles on concertation and public sphere, emerging media and religion/spirituality, secularity and religious organizations and institutions. He supervises PhD Candidates in the following fields: mediatization of the religion and (multi)media public sphere, production of meaning in the social spaces (domestic space, organizational space and public space), cultural mediations and symbolic forms within organizations. He is a member of Network for New Media, Religion and Digital Culture Studies, University of Texas, and European Communication Research and Education Association – ECREA. His expertise lies in how the symbolic construction of the communicative reality is associated with the “mediatization of everything”. In this context, Stefan Bratosin has frequently questioned the role of the digital media in the appropriation of the religious fact (an important source of symbolic violence especially on the emerging media).
DAVID COOK, Professor of Religious Studies, Rice University
David Cook’s areas of specialization include early Islamic history and development, Muslim apocalyptic literature and movements (classical and contemporary), radical Islam, historical astronomy and Judeo-Arabic literature. Cook is continuing to work on classical Muslim apocalyptic literature, translating the sources, such as Nu`aym b. Hammad al-Marwazi’s Kitab al-fitan, as well has having recently become the co-editor for Edinburgh University Press’ series on Islamic Apocalyptic and Eschatology. He is also engaged in research on Boko Haram’s ideology, working with one Ph.D. student and a Post-Graduate Fellow on the group’s texts and videos in order to translate them into English.
FRÉDÉRIC DEJEAN, Professor, UQÀM, Recherche et Action sur les Polarisations Sociales
Géographe de formation (ENS-Lyon), Frédéric Dejean a complété son doctorat conjointement à l’Université de Paris Ouest-Nanterre-La Défense et à l’INRS-UCS (Montréal). Il s’est spécialisé en géographie des faits religieux à travers une recherche sur les lieux de culte évangéliques et pentecôtistes en banlieue parisienne et sur l’île de Montréal. Son travail de recherche actuel s’oriente désormais dans deux directions principales: la prise en charge de la diversité religieuse par l’urbanisme réglementaire et les politiques municipales au Québec, d’une part, et une réflexion sur les modes d’articulation des politiques de la reconnaissance et de la notion de « justice spatiale », d’autre part. C’est principalement ce second volet que je développe cette année dans le cadre des activités du CREUM: il s’agit de comprendre comment l’espace intervient comme élément déterminant – et non pas seulement comme scène passive – dans le processus social de reconnaissance.
BENJAMIN DUCOL, Researcher at the Centre de prévention de la radicalisation menant à la violence
Benjamin Ducol is currently the Research Coordinator at Centre de prévention de la radicalisation menant à la violence (CPRMV). His scholarly interests range widely from security studies and international relations to political sociology and new media studies. More specifically, his primary areas of focus are the study of terrorism and political violence phenomena. He is particularly interested in the sociology of terrorism and the intersections between violent radicalization, radical subcultures (jihadism, far-right, radical environmentalism…) and the contemporary new media ecology. Accordingly, his dissertation focused on the impacts and the effects of new media on contemporary terrorism. It aimed at developing a better understanding of the process that lead some people to embrace radical beliefs and to engage into terrorist activities by putting the spotlight on radical imaginaries and discourses, which are widely produced and circulated through the Internet.
FRANCES FLANNERY, Professor of Religion, James Madison University
Frances Flannery is Director of the Center for the Interdisciplinary Study of Terrorism and Peace (CISTP) at James Madison University, which seeks to bridge the gaps between academic subject matter experts, the intelligence community, public policy arenas, and NGOs. She works at the intersections between biblical studies and a host of contemporary challenges, including terrorism, environmental degradation, and religion and politics. In antiquity, she has also researched early Jewish mysticism, Jewish and Christian dreams and visions, and religious experience.
MARTIN GEOFFROY, Director at the Centre d’expertise et de formation sur les intégrismes religieux et la radicalisation
Martin Geoffroy est détenteur d’un doctorat en sociologie de l’Université de Montréal. Il dirige présentement le Centre d’expertise et de formation sur les intégrismes religieux et la radicalisation (CEFIR) du cégep Édouard-Montpetit, subventionné par le programme Fonds d’innovation sociale destiné aux communautés et aux collèges du CRSH. Reconnu à l’international dans le domaine des religions et des intégrismes religieux, il est aussi spécialiste des médias au Canada. Il est l’auteur de plus de 20 articles et chapitres de livres, de six numéros spéciaux de revues savantes internationales telles que International Journal of Politics, Culture and Society et Australian Religion Studies Review. Il a co-dirigé deux livres, dont La Religion à l’extrême. Il est aussi blogueur pour le Huffington Post Québec.
ELISA HATEGAN, Regional Coordinator, Central Canada and the United States for Against Violent Extremism
Elisa Hategan is a Jewish-Canadian author, public speaker, journalist and Regional Coordinator for Central Canada and the United States for Against Violent Extremism (AVE), a global network of former extremists and survivors of extremist violence working in partnership with ISDGlobal, a London, England NGO and think tank creating operational responses to violent extremism and radicalization. Elisa also serves as Executive Director of the Changemaker Project, a non-profit charitable organization, and is a renowned public speaker, educator and subject matter expert on radicalization, extremist political movements and terrorist recruitment tactics. She has been featured in numerous press features and appeared as a keynote speaker for Toronto City Hall, LGBT, Jewish and community groups, high schools and universities across North America. Elisa was the inspiration behind the 1998 Canadian Broadcasting Corporation film White Lies, which starred Sarah Polley and reached millions of viewers. Her story has since been published in the memoir Race Traitor: The True Story of Canadian Intelligence’s Greatest Cover-Up.
CHRISTINE JAMIESON, Professor of Theological Studies, Concordia University
Christine Jamieson specializes in social ethics, bioethics, as well as in indigenous studies, women and violence. Her research draws on the work of Canadian theologian and philosopher Bernard Lonergan and psychoanalyst and linguist, Julia Kristeva. Her recently published book is titled: Christian Ethics and the Crisis of Gender Violence: Exploring Kristeva’s Reading of Religion, Culture and the Human Psyche. Jamieson also worked on foundational issues concerning human identity and human dignity through various lenses. She has done extensive research for Health Canada on ethical and social issues concerning genetic technology, stem cell research and research involving human subjects. Elsewhere, she has probed foundational questions in relation to end of life issues such as euthanasia, care of the frail elderly, and withholding and withdrawal of treatment.
DANIEL KUPFERT HELLER, Professor of Jewish Studies, McGill University
David Heller’s current research interests include the role of youth in modern Jewish politics, the influence of Polish political culture on the development of Zionism in Mandate Palestine, and Jewish political activism in small-towns across Poland between the two world wars.
SOLANGE LEFEBVRE, Professor of Religious Studies, Université de Montréal
Solange Lefebvre is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. She is a professor in the Institut d’études religieuses at the Université de Montréal where she holds the Research Chair in Religion, Culture and Society. Her areas of interest include religion in the public sphere, religion and politics, and laïcité and secularisation. Lefebvre’s publications include Cultures et spiritualités des jeunes (Bellarmin, 2008); the following edited volumes: Public Commissions on Cultural and Religious Diversity: Analysis, Reception and Challenges (Routledge, 2017); Religion in the Public Sphere: Canadian Case Studies (University of Toronto Press, 2014), Living with Diversity (International Journal of Theology. Concilium 2014/1), Le programme d’éthique et culture religieuse : De l’exigeante conciliation entre le soi, l’autre et le nous (Presses de l’Université Laval, 2012), Les religions sur la scène mondiale (Presses de l’Université Laval, 2010); nearly 50 book chapters and 60 journal articles.
ANOUSHEH MACHOUF, Psychologist, Sherpa-Polarisation CLSC Parc-Extension
Anousheh Machouf est psychologue dans l’équipe santé mentale adulte au CLSC Côte des Neiges à Montréal. Elle est membre fondatrice du RIVO (Réseau d’intervention auprès des personnes ayant subi la violence organisée). Elle travaille depuis plusieurs années avec l’Équipe de Recherche et d’Intervention Transculturelles (ÉRIT) du Dr. Cécile Rousseau dans des projets de prévention et de promotion de la santé mentale avec des jeunes immigrants et réfugiés de quartiers multiethniques de Montréal, en utilisant des interventions basées sur la créativité et la participation.
SHIRAZ MAHER, Director of the International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation and Political Violence at King’s College London
Shiraz Maher is Deputy Director of the International Centre for the Study of Radicalization (ICSR) and a member of the War Studies Department at King’s College London. He currently leads the Centre’s research on the Syrian and Iraqi conflicts and also researches Salafi-Jihadi soteriology. Maher is a recognized expert on the current Middle East crisis and jihadist movements. The BBC has described him as “one of the world’s leading experts on radicalization,” and the Washington Post has called him “a respected specialist on Islamic State.” The Observer’s Jason Burke says he has “a justified reputation as a leading authority on contemporary Islamic extremism.”
KYLE MATTHEWS, Director of the Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies (MIGS) at Concordia University
Kyle Matthews is the Executive Director of the Montreal Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies (MIGS) at Concordia University. He joined MIGS as Lead Researcher of the Will to Intervene Project in 2008 and was appointed Senior Deputy Director in 2011. At Concordia he founded the Raoul Wallenberg Legacy of Leadership project as well as the Digital Mass Atrocity Preventing Lab, which works to counter online extremism and study how social media platforms are being used as a weapon of war. His work focuses on human rights, international security, the Responsibility to Protect, global threats, and social media and technology, and global cities. He works closely with the Canadian All-Party Parliamentary Group for the Prevention of Genocide and has advised Members of Parliament on issues related to international peace and security.
LAURA-JULIE PERREAULT, Editorialist, LaPresse
Journaliste à la section « Monde » de La Presse, Laura-Julie Perreault est une mordue de l’ailleurs, à Montréal comme à l’étranger. Née à Lévis, elle a quitté son patelin à 16 ans pour voir le monde. Après avoir reçu un diplôme en relations internationales de l’Université de Caroline du Nord, elle a passé près de deux ans en Russie, y faisant ses premières armes en journalisme. À son retour, elle a choisi de s’installer à Montréal, principalement attirée par la multiplicité de la ville. Appelée à voyager pour le travail, elle a fait des reportages dans une trentaine de pays, elle refuse de poser ses valises quand elle est en ville. Ses explorations urbaines ont pris la forme du Guide du Montréal multiple, un portrait de la diversité montréalaise qu’elle a cosigné avec son collègue Jean-Christophe Laurence, et du blogue du Montréal multiple.
CHRISTIAN PICCIOLINI, Co-founder, Life After Hate
Christian Picciolini is an American musician and author who is the co-founder of a non-profit peace advocacy organization called Life After Hate. He wrote a memoir, Romantic Violence: Memoirs of An American Skinhead, detailing his time as a leader of the American White power movement. He is a frequent commentator and focus of national and international media platforms such as MSNBC, CNN, 60 Minutes, CBS Evening News, CBC, Vice, Washington Post, NY Times, Vox, Rolling Stone Magazine, GQ, Time Magazine, BBC, NPR, Glenn Beck, PBS, DemocracyNow!, CSPAN, and others. He has also appeared as a guest on shows by Sarah Silverman, Adam Carolla, Mitch Albom, and many more. Picciolini life experience and work makes him a qualified speaker on the Christian roots of the Far Right.
SELIM RASHED, Professor at the Faculty of Medicine, McGill University
Médecin pédiatre, syro-libanais d’Égypte, Selim Rashed s’est particulièrement intéressé à la médecine tropicale et l’enfant immigrant. Il pratique la pédiatrie à l’hôpital Maisonneuve Rosement, la médecine tropicale au Centre JD McLean du Centre de santé universitaire de McGill et enseigne aux étudiants et résidents en médecine des deux universités. Il a écrit un livre de médecine tropicale et complété plusieurs recherches sur les maladies tropicales. Il continue de s’impliquer dans les pays tropicaux, en particulier au Bénin.
SARAH E. ROLLENS, Professor of Religious Studies, Rhodes College
Sarah Rollens’ current research project deals with violent imagery in early Christian texts. This research combines her broader interests in Christian origins, social theory, scribalism, identity formation, the ancient Mediterranean world, and the Synoptic gospels. Rollens has taught numerous courses in Religious Studies: Introduction to the New Testament; Introduction to Religious Studies; Historical Jesus; Jesus of Nazareth; Violence in Early Christianity; Religion and Identity in the Ancient Mediterranean World; Popular Culture/Public Humanities; Jesus in the Early Christian Writings; Early Christians Gospels; and Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Her expertise on Scripture and Violence make her a perfect speaker for our colloquium.
MIHAELA-ALEXANDRA TUDOR, Lecturer, Université Paul Valéry Montpellier 3
Dr. Mihaela-Alexandra TUDOR is Associate Professor habilitate in Media and Communication Sciences at Paul Valéry University of Montpellier – France, and deputy director of the Institute for Advanced Religious Studies and Internetworking Communication (Iarsic). She is also executive editor-in-chief of Essachess – Journal for Communication Studies and responsible of “Communication and social transformation” axis of Corhis EA 7400. She is a member of Network for New Media, Religion and Digital Culture Studies, University of Texas. She has authored books, book chapters, and articles on classical and emerging media and religion, organizational communication, and epistemology of communication. More specifically, at the crossroads of the studies on symbolic communication and (digital) culture, epistemology of communication and the communication of (semi-closed) organization/ institutions, her research focuses on the areas shared by religion, (new) media and the production of meaning. She supervises doctorate candidates in the above-mentioned areas. Her expertise lies in how to think critically the mediatization and religion in the age of emerging media revolution. In this context, she questions the institutional authority through the notion of uberisation, and the “generalist” character of scholarly perspectives which essentially focus on studying religion, beliefs or secularity in the media through a Manichean logics.
VIVEK VENKATESH, UNESCO co-Chair in Prevention of Radicalisation and Violent Extremism
Vivek Venkatesh is the holder of the UNESCO co-Chair in Prevention of Radicalisation and Violent Extremism. He is the Associate Dean of the Recruitment and Awards at the School of Graduate Studies, incoming Director of the Centre for the Study of Learning and Performance, the inaugural Director of the Graduate Certificate in University Teaching and Associate Professor in the Department of Education at Concordia University in Montréal, Québec. He is also a filmmaker, and an interdisciplinary and applied learning scientist who investigates the psychological, cultural and cognitive factors impacting the design, development and inclusive adoption of digital media in educational and social contexts. Venkatesh avails of a vast network of local, national and international collaborators, and works on a series of novel – yet focused – research and research-creation activities including: evaluating innovative techno-pedagogical practices which foster critical dialogues rooted in citizen education and digital literacy within secondary and post-secondary classroom contexts; developing digital media applications to sensitize and prevent online hate speech amongst the general public; and curating live artistic performances which promote resilience to online hate using sounds, texts and visuals collected via mobile and social media. Venkatesh’s research program looks at the unique intersection between the areas of learning sciences, public pedagogy and digital media, especially in building interdisciplinary collaborations for projects related to the socio-cultural impacts of the increased use of mobile and social media in the broad context of citizen education.